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Miss Chen
Hace 15 horas
Miss Chen
长寿花的养殖需要疏松肥沃、排水性能良好、呈微酸性反应的土壤,这种土更利于根系的发育。长寿花生长最适合的温度为20℃~25℃,一旦超过了30℃或者低于5℃它就会停止生长。长寿花体内含有较多水分,并不需要经常的浇水,保持盆土略湿即可。在生长期间,要保证充足的阳光照射,若是长期没有阳光照射,长寿花就会有大量的叶片掉落,丧失观赏价值。
长寿花的主要养殖方法 长寿花不能使用粘重的土壤培养,否则就会导致生长不良,烂根落叶,严重时造成植株死亡。盆土应用腐叶土4份 、园土4份、河沙2份,另加少量骨粉混合配制。这种培养土疏松肥沃、排水性能好,呈微酸性反应,有利根系发育 。 长寿花生长最适宜的温度为20~25℃。超过30℃或低于10℃,就很明显地停止生长,进入休眠或半休眠状态。到了冬季,如果气温低于10℃,要移入温室内越冬。有条件的,可把室内温度白天控制在16~20℃,夜间控制在10~15℃,这样,长寿花在元旦节和春节就能开花。
长寿花与其他多肉花卉一样,体内含有较多水分,抗旱能力较强,故不需要大量浇水。生长期间只要每隔2~3天浇一次水,保持盆土略湿润即可。冬季温度低时更要控制浇水。若浇水过多,排水不畅,盆土过湿,易导致根系腐 烂。 长寿花喜欢阳光充足,家庭培养一年四季都应放在有直接阳光照射的地方。北方炎夏季节,光照强度大,易使叶色发黄,因此中午前后宜适当遮荫,或放室内半荫处,但要注意通风降温。养长寿花,若长期光线不足,不仅枝条 细长,叶片薄而小,影响株形美观,而且开花数量减少,花色也不鲜艳,还会引起叶片大批脱落,丧失观赏价值。
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Miss Chen
08-04
Miss Chen
Angel's trumpet (Datura inoxia), which also goes by the common name of pricklyburr, is a perennial flower that is native to warm climates. In cooler climates, it’s often grown as an annual. The plant has a small, shrub-like appearance, growing wider than it is tall. It features dark green, oval leaves that can reach up to 8 inches long and have a soft texture. And it blooms sporadically with fragrant, upward-facing, trumpet-shaped flowers in the summer and fall that can grow up to 7 inches long and 4 inches at their widest part. The plant is closely related to the Brugmansia genus, which also features trumpet-shaped flowers and uses the common name of angel’s trumpet. However, Brugmansia flowers are generally larger and last longer than Datura flowers. Angel’s trumpet should be planted in the spring after the danger of frost has passed and the ground has warmed. The plant has a fairly rapid growth rate. Botanical Name Datura inoxia Common Names Angel’s trumpet, pricklyburr, downy thorn apple, desert thorn apple, Indian apple, moonflower, sacred datura Plant Type Herbaceous, perennial Mature Size 2–3 ft. tall, 3–6 ft. wide Sun Exposure Full Soil Type Loamy, well-drained Soil pH Neutral, alkaline Bloom Time Summer, fall Flower Color Cream, pink, lavender Hardiness Zones 9–10 (USDA) Native Area North America, Central America, South America Toxicity Toxic to people and animals Angel's Trumpet Care Angel’s trumpet plants are fairly easy to care for. You can either purchase nursery plants in the spring or start seeds indoors roughly seven weeks before your area’s projected last frost date. Transplant young plants into the garden once spring temperatures are reliably warm. Be sure to space your plants at least a few feet apart to account for their mature size, as crowded angel’s trumpet plants often produce fewer blooms. Select a planting site that gets a lot of sunlight, a key to healthy growth for angel's trumpet. There is no need to deadhead (remove spent blooms) your angel’s trumpet plant, but you can if you wish to keep the plant looking tidy and prevent it from self-seeding. Deadheading also can help to stretch out the plant’s overall blooming period. Pruning typically isn’t necessary, but you can lightly trim the plant at any point during the growing season to keep its shape neat and growth in check. Prune off any dead, damaged, or diseased stems as they arise. Angel’s trumpet usually doesn’t have any major issues with pests or diseases. But it can be afflicted by some common plant pests, including whiteflies, mealybugs, and spider mites. Treat any issues with an insecticide or a natural remedy as soon as you spot them. Light Angel’s trumpet does best growing in full sun, meaning at least six hours of direct sunlight on most days. It can grow in partial shade, but this often will cause the plant to be leggier and produce fewer flowers.
Soil The plant can survive in a variety of soil types. But it prefers a rich, loamy soil with sharp drainage. A neutral or slightly alkaline soil pH is best, and it can even tolerate very alkaline soil. For container plants, a loose all-purpose potting mix is generally fine. Water This flower has moderate moisture needs. During its first growing season, water regularly to keep the soil evenly moist but not soggy. Standing water can lead to root rot on a plant. Mature plants have some drought tolerance but still prefer a weekly watering during spells without rainfall and/or during the warmest parts of the year. Water whenever the soil has dried out about an inch down. Reduce watering in the winter; only water to prevent the soil from completely drying out. Temperature and Humidity Angel’s trumpet prefers warm temperatures. It has good heat tolerance as long as its moisture needs are met. But it’s not very cold hardy, and frost and freezing temperatures can damage or kill it. Ideally it should be kept in temperatures above 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Humidity typically isn’t an issue for the plant with proper watering. It’s possible to bring angel’s trumpet indoors for the winter in areas outside of its growing zones. Place it by a bright window, and protect it from drafts. But many growers prefer simply to start new plants in the spring. Fertilizer If you have rich soil, supplemental fertilization might not be necessary. But if you need to give your plant a boost, feed it in the spring with a fertilizer made for flowering plants, following label instructions. Compost mixed into the soil in the spring can also be beneficial.
Angel's Trumpet Varieties There are several other Datura species that also use the common name of angel’s trumpet, including: Datura metel: This species is slightly more cold-tolerant than Datura inoxia but otherwise is very similar to the plant. Datura ferox: Also known as the long-spined thorn apple, this species sports intimidatingly large spines on its seed pods. Datura stramonium: Commonly called thorn apple or jimsonweed, this plant also is notable for its small, prickly seed capsules, as well as its trumpet-shaped flowers.
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Miss Chen
08-04
Miss Chen
铁海棠喜欢温暖、湿润和阳光充足的环境,它较耐旱、稍耐阴、不耐严寒和高温。所以平常在养殖的时候,最好将其放置在阳光充足的地方,避免强光直射,并在冬季做好保暖措施。至于培养土,最好选择疏松、排水良好的腐叶土。
一、铁海棠的养殖方法 1、浇水 铁海棠喜欢湿润的环境,但它是多肉植物,耐干旱,所以浇水也不能浇太多。一般在春季生长季,应每隔7天给铁海棠浇水一次,夏季水分蒸发快,浇水要多一点,浇水间隔可为4天一次,冬季尽量在晴天中午浇水,间隔保持在十天一次。 2、施肥 铁海棠对肥料要求不高,每年春季可施薄肥2~3次,秋季应该减少施肥,生长期间一般每3~4周施一次腐熟的稀薄饼肥水,孕蕾期增施1~2次磷、钾肥,这样花多色艳。 3、光照 铁海棠喜欢阳光充足的环境,除了夏季高温要做好遮荫措施,其它的季节都应该给予它充足的光照。而在铁海棠的花期,阳光充足,可以让苞片色彩鲜艳,且花期更长。如果长期在荫蔽条件下生长则很难开花。
二、注意事项 铁海棠忌积水,浇水不能太多,否则盆土长期过湿,不仅引起烂根,而且危及植株生存,平时保持盆土微干为好。此外,开花期浇水千万不能过多,不然会引起落花落蕾,甚至引起烂根。 给铁海棠施肥千万不能太多,也不能太浓,否则会引起烧根,从而影响植株生长。其中,如果施氮肥过多,还会导致枝条徒长,只长叶不开花。
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Miss Chen
08-03
Miss Chen
铁筷子在冬季养殖时,需要保持土壤表面干燥,在封冻期到来前停止浇水,每隔1个月疏松一次土壤,当铁筷子的生长减缓时,可以施加一次稀薄的尿素溶液,促进植株的生长。在养殖时需要注意,当叶片发生萎缩、发黄的现象时,应该把植株移置到温暖的室内,放置在儿童接触不到的地方养殖。
铁筷子冬季养殖的方法 在冬季养殖铁筷子时,可以放置在室外进行培养,由于它的耐寒能力很强,不用为它实施保暖措施,只需要保持土壤干燥,避免底部存在积水现象,导致植株根系的气孔堵塞,阻碍了整个植株的生命活动。 在冬季养殖铁筷子时,需要在土壤封冻前完成浇水,每隔1个月翻一次土壤,确保土壤的透气和排水性良好,不会发生结板的现象。当铁筷子出现生长迟缓、停滞时,可以追加一次稀薄的尿素溶液,加快植株的生长。
注意事项 当铁筷子冬季在室外生长出现,叶片向内卷曲、干枯、变黄的现象时,需要及时将其移置到室内进行养护,确保温度在零摄氏度以上,给予充足的光照时间,保证空气的流通,可以放置在朝南的阳台、窗户旁进行培养。 在铁筷子放置室内养殖时,需要注意摆放的位置,尽量放在儿童触碰不到的地方。由于它分泌的汁液中含有一定的毒素,当人们皮肤接触后,会发生红肿、瘙痒的症状,当误食以后,会引起胃部痉挛、疼痛的症状发生。
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Miss Chen
08-01
Miss Chen
The common name "anemone" is a collective label used for a number of different species in the Anemone genus of plants. Many gardeners know the plants as windflowers, so named because the delicate poppy-like flowers sway in the lightest breezes. (The Greek word "anemos" translates as "wind.") Gardeners who love the look of the exotic Himalayan blue poppy but are unsuccessful in growing it should try the much more forgiving anemone flower. The flowers of these spring- or fall-blooming plants are a hot trend in wedding bouquets, and also make the garden come alive in vibrant red, white, pink, yellow, and purple shades. Anemone flowers have a simple, daisy-like shape and lobed foliage. Some anemone varieties feature double flowers, similar to a frilly, oversized mum.
The Ranunculaceae family in which the anemone genus fits is a generous contributor to flower gardens. In addition to the Anemone, other members of the family include delphinium, clematis, and ranunculus. Botanical Name Anemone spp. Common Names Anemone, windflower, Grecian windflower, poppy windflower Plant Type Herbaceous perennial Mature Size 6 inches to 4 feet (depends on species and variety) Sun Exposure Full sun to part shade Soil Type Rich, moist soil Soil pH 5.6 to 7.5 (slightly acidic to neutral); varies by species Bloom Time Spring, fall Flower Color Red, orange, yellow-green, blue, purple, red-purple, white, ivory, and pink Hardiness Zones 5 to 10 (USDA); varies by species Native Area Temperate zones worldwide; many species are native to North America Toxicity Toxic to humans, toxic to pets How to Grow Anemones Choose your planting time based on the blooming cycle of your chosen species. Plant spring bloomers in the fall, and fall bloomers in the spring. Different species of anemones have different types of root structures, and the planting method varies a bit from type to type. Normally, anemones are planted from bare rootstocks purchased from online or mail-order retailers.
Some species, such as A. coronaria (often known as poppy anemone) have roots that resemble bulb-like corms. The small corms are planted in groups, like tulips or daffodils. Place them in clusters spaces about 1 inch apart, 2 inches deep. Let nature dictate the spreading of the cluster. With corm-types, leave the foliage in place to replenish the corms until it turns brown Other species, including A. blanda (sometimes known as Grecian windflower) have tuberous or rhizomatous roots that are planted like dahlia or tuberous iris roots, in small groups 3 to 6 inches deep. It helps to soak the dried tubers in water overnight to soften them before planting. Whatever the species of Anemone, these plants generally like at least four hours of sun each day and well-drained soil that is relatively moist. Once planted, they are relatively care-free plants. Those types with rhizomatous roots will need to be lifted and divided every three years or so. When foliage turns brown in late fall, cut it away to ground level. Light Anemones should be placed where they can receive at least half a day of sunlight. Some varieties thrive more in partial shade. Soil Plant anemones in well-drained soil. Before planting, you can improve the soil by adding compost, leaf mold, or other organic matter. Anemones aren't fussy about soil pH, but will thrive best in slightly acidic soil. Water Water the plants regularly when it does not rain. Try to keep the soil lightly moist. Water slowly, allowing the soil to absorb as much water as possible. Some varieties have special water needs; for example, wood anemone (A. nemorosa) dies to the ground in midsummer and does not need water until it regrows in fall. Temperature and Humidity The recommended temperatures for growing anemones is 58 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 42 to 50 degrees at night. For some species, the optimum temperature for efficient flower initiation may be lower than 54 degrees. Fertilizer If desired, you can add some bone meal to the soil in the fall for spring bloomers or in the spring for fall bloomers to give the bulbs a nutrient boost. Pruning The fading foliage of spring bloomers is usually insignificant enough to wither away unnoticed, so you will not need to prune it for a tidy looking garden. Taller fall-blooming varieties may look shabby after the first frost, so shear off dead growth during early winter clean up. Propagating Anemones Though the different species of anemones have different root structures, all can be propagated by digging up the corms/ tubers, dividing them into pieces, then replanting. A common practice is to routinely dig up and divide the roots in the fall, then store them over winter for spring replanting. Make sure to inspect the roots and discard any that are diseased or soft with rot. Lifting the roots in fall for winter storage can be a good idea if your garden experiences wet soil over the winter. Unlike many bulbs that have a distinct shape that indicates how you should orient them in the planting hole, anemones corms/tubers are lumpy and irregular. They will grow properly no matter how you orient them in the ground. If you have stored the roots over winter, it's a good idea to soak them overnight before planting.
Be generous when you plant the petite spring anemones; these low-growing plants that range from 3 to 15 inches in height look best when planted in groups of 50 or more. Varieties of Anemone There are several good species of Anemone available, each with several named cultivars to choose from: Anemone blanda adapts well outdoors and is hardy in zones 5 through 9. This plant is sometimes known as Grecian windflower. Anemone coronaria, has poppy-like blooms with black centers. These are popular in floral arrangements. This species, sometimes known as poppy anemone, is reliably hardy only in zones 8 through 10. Anemone hupehensis var. japonica, the Japanese anemone, blooms abundantly from mid-summer to late fall, giving gardeners a shade-loving alternative to the sun-drenched mums and asters of autumn. It is grown in zones 4 to 8. Anemone sylvestris (sometimes known as snowdrop windflower) is an early spring bloomer that does not have time to attain great heights; it belongs at the front of the border. You can grow it in zones 4 to 8. Landscape Uses Plant several dozen spring-blooming anemones around your tulips and daffodils, or plant large drifts of anemones in wooded areas, where they can naturalize undisturbed. Place your spring-blooming anemones near the front of your borders or at the edges of paths, and do not worry about browsing deer, which generally find this flower unpalatable. Fall-blooming anemones are good for filling in gaps between mounding chrysanthemum plants. Common Pests/ Diseases Although there are no truly serious pest or disease problems with Anemones, they can be stricken with foliar nematodes that feed inside the leaves. These microscopic soil worms can cause distorted leaves and flowers through damage to the plant cells. Treatment is difficult, but removing plants and heating the soil through solarization sometimes gets rid of nematodes. All plant material in the afflicted area will need to be removed and disposed of. Periodically churning up the soil and allowing it to bake in the sun may rid the area of nematodes. A variety of fungal leaf spots, down mildew, and powdery mildew may appear on Anemones, though the diseases are rarely serious.
Taller Anemones may need to be staked to prevent them from flopping, especially when grown in shady areas.
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